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  • Writer's pictureDavid Manes

Personal Injury: Common Types of Accidents and How the Law Holds Someone Responsible

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Personal Injury: Common Types of Accidents and How the Law Holds Someone Responsible

Here is a quick primer on some of the areas of personal injury law out there and how the law operates to hold others responsible for the injuries.

Accidents that Qualify for Personal Injury

Although personal injury claims can be successful in any accident where another person was at fault, there are a few areas where personal injury claims are common and often successful. Here is a non-comprehensive list of some of the common areas of personal injury law:

  1. Automobile and vehicle accidents

  2. Bicycle and motorcycle accidents

  3. Home, business, or public property injuries (for example, slipping and falling in a grocery store or at someone’s house)

  4. Injuries involving children

  5. Animal-caused injuries

  6. Defective or dangerous products injuries

How the Law Determines Legal Responsibility for Personal Injuries

The basic rule for determining liability in personal injury cases is known as a negligence theory. Negligence in the law basically means that someone was careless and because of that carelessness another person ended up getting hurt. If both people were careless, including the injured party, the injured party will only recover if the other party was more careless than them.

Let’s take a look at how the law breaks down a typical negligence claim.

Negligence and Personal Injury Claims

Negligence has four elements in the law with all four needing to be met in order for someone to win their case. These four elements are duty, breach of the duty, causation, and damages.


The law must first recognize that the person who caused the accident had a “duty of care” or a legal responsibility to prevent the accident. For example, if you own a storefront you are under a duty to keep it reasonably clear of excessive snow or ice that could cause someone to slip and fall and get hurt.


This simply means that the person failed to exercise his or her duty to avoid harming someone. Thus, using the example above, if a store owner regularly shovels and salts his storefront walkway he will avoid liability. It is only when he fails to do that and snow accumulates that he has breached his duty and will be held responsible for injuries.


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Causation means that the breach of the duty actually and legally caused the injury to the person. This means that the injury must not be too remote to be attributed to the breach of the duty. Here’s a quick example: someone tosses a football over the fence, it hits your neighbor in the head, and he then falls down knocking over a playset which rolls down the hill into another neighbors yard hitting that other neighbor in the leg. The person who threw the football may be liable for the first injury, but not the second, because the second would be too remote. Of course this is an unusual circumstance and this element is normally easily met.


Last, the person affected by the accident must actually be damaged. So if someone did not shovel their walk and you fell because of them, but you were not hurt, you have no cause of action. You must actually be damaged in order to bring a claim.

Consult a Lawyer for your Personal Injury

So in order to hold someone responsible for an auto accident, motorcycle accident or slip and fall, the person injured must show someone else was negligent. Negligence consists of duty, breach, causation and damages. If you have been injured in an accident, contact Kraemer, Manes & Associates and we will be able to guide you in getting relief for your injuries.

Chat with an attorney: (412) 626-5626 or

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